Your basecamp for climbing Mt. Salak.
Mt. Salak is famous for its seven peaks, and is accessible for strenuous hiking from Vila Botani as well as from other faces.

The northernmost peak, above Vila Botani, has several names. It is commonly known as Peak 6 but a sign calls it the Mossa Peak (Pasir Rawa is another name). It is relatively accessible from Vila Botani and in clear weather provides a splendid view of the main summits to the south. In fact, the view to the south from Peak 6 is superior to that from several other summits that, while higher, are so covered in trees as to provide no broad vistas. There may or may not be a view of Mt. Pangrango to the east. You are urged to start from Vila Botani by 4:00 or 4:30 a.m. so as to cover part of the distance the part that is less challenging in the dark. This will increase your odds of reaching Peak 6 while clear views are still available, before clouds move in. A very fit hiker once reached this Peak in 2.5 hours from Vila Botani, but the average hiker may need 4 hours or more. The altitude on Peak 6 is not yet documented but may be about 2000m.

From Peak 6 you may descend to the right to Sukamantri, a campground on the northeast face of Mt. Salak (lying a short walk to the northwest from Vila Botani). You may also begin a traverse along the string of peaks that soar above the Ciapus canyon to your right. You will first arrive at Peak 4 (2020m). This Peak provides an exit to the left on the east face, descending to a livestock research station known as Embryo. You may continue the ridgeline traverse further south to Peak 5, also known as the Impessa Peak (2060m), then to Peak 3 (2086m), with cliffs said to lie on both sides of the traverse trails. A bit of flat space is available for camping on these summits, which can all be reached on a day trip with time left over for descent to Vila Botani or to Embryo.

Climb to Peak 6, cross to Peak 4, then descend to the Embryo research station, for a strenuous all-day circuit hike. Vila Botani can provide you with a guide to explore these northern summits and help arrange a permit from the National Park.

The main summits lie to the south from Peak 3. If you have pluck, time, equipment, water and provisions, you may proceed. A group of intrepid trail runners was able to complete the climb from Sukamantri to Peak 4 and the traverse to Peak 1 and remarkably to descend to Sukabumi Regency in one day in November 2014, on what they called the Kopassus route, but many hikers may prefer to camp for the night on Peak 3 or the Impessa Peak and proceed the next day.

The trail runners describe a direct traverse from Peak 3 to Peak 1 (altitude of 2211m), without traversing Peak 2. Pictures from their posting do show some very steep climbing along this traverse. This route may involve circumambulating the upper boundary of the Ciapus watershed to your right, quite possibly traversing a narrow knife edge between two watersheds. On Peak 1, enjoy the spectacular views of Peak 2 to the north and of Mt Pangrango to the west. Peak 1 is also near the site of the tragic May 2012 crash of the Sukhoi Superjet 100, an ill-fated Russian airliner. From Peak 1 you may exit Mt. Salak in Sukabumi Regency, by way of either Cimelati or Javana Spa. The Javana Spa route would allow you to visit the eerie fumaroles of the Queen’s Crater (Kawa Ratu) if time permits.

From Peak 3, another option is to traverse to Peak 2 (2180m) on a narrow path that is also said to be very challenging. From Peak 2, a clear descent is available on the north face of Mt. Salak, to Curug Nangka in Ciapus. The traverses via Peak 1 and Peak 2 are both very strenuous.

Read about the trek of the trail runners on the Kopassus route at Another useful posting describes the southern and eastern approaches to Summit 1 on the Gunung Bagging site,

Sequential name

Name/names posted

Base camp

Peak 6

Puncak Mossa/ Pasir Rawa
(Puncak 3 on one sign)

Tajur Halang (NE face)
Sukamantri (NE face)

Peak 4

Puncak IV (2020m)

Embryo (E face)

Peak 5 (Impessa)

Puncak Impessa (2060m)


Peak 3

Puncak III (2086)


Peak 2

Puncak 2 (2180m)

Curug Nangka (N face)

Peak 1

Puncak 1 (2210m)

Javana Spa (SE face)
Cimelati (Cocurug) E face